Article originally published on 2 October on the Joseph Rowntree Foundation blog
Poverty research must provide useful answers for policy and practice, says Chris Goulden.
To deal with entrenched problems of poverty in the UK, serious improvements need to be made to knowledge about the causes of poverty and the effectiveness of potential solutions.
A two-day exercise led by a partnership between JRF and the Centre for Science and Policy at the University of Cambridge identified the most important unanswered and researchable questions about poverty. As well as the potential benefits of improving the evidence base in general, this is part of our programme developing strategies to reduce poverty in the UK.
Participants were invited from a range of organisations across the UK. Over 40 people from government and non-governmental organisations, and academics or researchers working in universities or think tanks, took part. They were asked to identify an initial set of research questions by consulting widely with others, and to propose questions that would make a real difference to poverty in the UK but had not yet been adequately answered. We started off with 470 questions, which were reduced to 100 through a democratic process of discussion and voting.
The categories of questions covered a number of important themes, including attitudes, education, family, employment, heath, wellbeing, inclusion, markets, housing, taxes, inequality and power. Ten of the most important questions were:
What values, frames and narratives are associated with greater support for tackling poverty, and why.
How do images of people in poverty influence policy debates in different countries?
What are the most effective methods of increasing involvement and support for the education of children among their parents or guardians?
What explains variation in wages as a share of GDP internationally?
What is the nature and extent of poverty among those who do not or cannot access the safety net when they need it?
How could targeting and incentivising payment of the Living Wage make it more effective at reducing household poverty?
What are the positive and negative impacts of digital technologies on poverty?
How do environmental and social regulations or obligations affect prices for those in poverty?
Who benefits from poverty, and how?
What evidence is there that economic growth reduces poverty overall, and under what circumstances?
We hope these questions will be used in a range of ways. Most directly, it’s an important input into our anti-poverty strategies programme. But we also expect that practitioners, policy-makers, researchers and funders will use it to help shape further research programmes across a range of economic and social science disciplines.
The full paper, 100 Questions: identifying research priorities for poverty prevention and reduction by William J. Sutherland et al., is published in Journal of Poverty & Social Justice as an Open Access paper and can be accessed here.